DIY Solar Panels USA
Do-it-yourself (DIY) projects are both challenging and fun, and generally come in the form of a restoration or renovation. They can be relatively simple, like a backyard deck, or more complicated, like an entire home addition. No matter the project at hand, upgrades to one's home will help improve the home's overall market value.
A new DIY project that has been gaining popularity focuses on environmentally-friendly renewable energy to power one's home. It can also be used to make money by depositing unused energy back into the main grid system. This system is DIY solar power. Also known as photovoltaic cells, modules and panels, they are part of a complex system that is self-contained and self-managed. The owner simply sets it up and reaps the rewards and benefits.
Solar power systems are made up of the following five main components: solar panels, inverters, racking and mounting units, monitoring and balance of systems.
Solar panels – These are responsible for the collection of raw energy from the Sun. Panels come in two forms including polycrystalline and monocrystalline. With minor differences in manufacturing, price and size, panels range from 230 watts to 255 watts per panel and can be added into a series to compile anywhere from 1 kilowatt up to 12 kilowatts for the entire system.
Inverters – Inverters take the raw power gathered, known as direct current (DC), from the solar panels and convert it to usable energy for the home or office, known as alternating current (AC). AC electricity can be used immediately, stored for later use or returned back to the grid.
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Racking and mounting – There are numerous mounting and racking options for all types of systems. Primarily, they are made for flat roofs, shingled roofs, ground mounting and dual axis, but custom designs are readily available if needed. Some racks and mounts are mechanically-equipped to track the path of the Sun in order to increase the efficiency of energy collection and maximize generation.
Monitoring – Monitoring devices are installed to account for up-to-the-minute data on generation and system efficiency. They are also responsible for detecting potential problems and failures in the circuit. There are many different providers offering the latest technology.
System of balance – The remaining components of the system consist of specialized cable/wiring, connectors, electrical boxes, grounding and lightning protection. All of these are smaller but very important pieces of the puzzle.
Seeking the advice of a trained industry professional is the first step in determining one's individual power requirements and usage. They are able to gather all of the information to construct a personalized kit that can be installed with minimal help from contractors. They are also able to provide up-to-date information on government programs that assist homeowners with the cost of installing clean, renewable energy projects.